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Saturday, November 18, 2017


Shiro Ishii - leader of Unit 731, that developed and tested biological weapons on local Chinese, Russians and political prisoners

Shiro Ishii - leader of Unit 731, that developed and tested biological weapons on local Chinese, Russians and political prisoners   

Japan, which was allied with Germany and Italy during the World War II, had a particularly strong urge to research into biological weapons.

In 1938, a delegation of German military surgeons paid an official visit to Tokyo. Two years later, since Japan had sided with Germany during the war, there was a counter-visit, which also included the Behring-Werker at Marburg.

The head of the delegation, Osamu Hatta, stated that "It was a pleasure and honour that we can strive hand in hand, both politically and scientifically to make progress in reorganisation of the world."

Tomasada Masuda, one of the highest-ranking officials involved in the Japanese programme of biological weapons, was from 1932-34 in Berlin for study purposes. 

A year later, he became the head of the 'Unit 100' research center in Harbin, in the Chinese province of Manchuria, which was then occupied by Japan, where he pursued his research on the Infectious Anemia of Horses, glanders equinia and piroplasmosis.

One of the tasks of the project was to examine the immunosystems of Chinese and Japanese with respect to different modes of reaction to agents. 

It was envisaged to demonstrate later on racial differences in the US American prisoners of war by using 'a bacteria' which had been specially cultivated for this purpose.

Japan used biological weapons especially in the parts of China which it occupied. During the experiments which were necessary to prepare the attacks, 3000 prisoners of war and civilians used as human guinea pigs were killed.

In the middle of 1942, the waters along the Soviet Union frontiers were infected allegedly with glanders equina and anthrax. In reality, this probably involved the spread of Virus of Infectious Anemia of Horses.

Glanders equina bacilli are quickly killed off when they come into contact with water, and an anthrax-infection spread in the river Ussuri would have been a danger also to the attacking Japanese army. 

In 1944, series of tests were carried out in the 'Unit 731' research center. Horses blood was transmitted to prisoners of war. The alleged purpose of the test was to research blood-replacement substances. 

However, already right of the outset of the century, it was generally known that the transfer of an animal blood to human can trigger of a fatal shock.

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